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Simple Electronic Combination Lock using IC LS 7220

Simple Electronic Combination Lock using IC LS 7220

Simple Electronic Combination Lock using IC LS 7220

Description

This is the circuit diagram of a simple electronic combination lock using IC LS 7220.This circuit can be used to activate a relay for controlling (on & off) any device when a preset combination of 4 digits are pressed.The circuit can be operated from 5V to 12V.

To set the combination connect the appropriate switches to pin 3,4,5 and 6 of the IC through the header.As an example if S1 is connected to pin 3, S2 to pin 4 , S3 to pin 5, S4 to pin 6 of the IC ,the combination will be 1234.This way we can create any 4 digit combinations.Then connect the rest of the switches to pin 2 of IC.This will cause the IC to reset if any invalid key is pressed , and entire key code has to be re entered.

When the correct key combination is pressed the out put ( relay) will be activated for a preset time determined by the capacitor C1.Here it is set to be 6S.Increase C1 to increase on time.

For the key pad, arrange switches in a 3X4 matrix on a PCB.Write the digits on the keys using a marker.Instead of using numbers I wrote some symbols!.The bad guys will be more confused by this.

Circuit Diagram .Click to Enlarge.                     Pin Assignment of LS7220.

lock-ls-7220.jpg                                                          ls-7220-pin-ass.jpg
Parts List 

C1              1   1uF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C2              1    220uF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
R1              1    2.2K 1/4W Resistor
Q1              1    2N3904 NPN Transistor    2N2222
D1              1    1N4148 Rectifier Diode    1N4001-1N4007
K1              1    12V SPDT Relay    Any appropriate relay with 12V coil
U1             1     LS7220 Digital Lock IC
S1-S12    12    SPST Momentary Pushbutton    Keypad (see notes)
HD1          1    12 Position Header

 

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, project ideas | | Leave a comment

Lead acid battery charger circuit

Lead acid battery charger circuit

Lead acid battery charger circuit

Description

Here is a lead acid battery charger circuit using IC LM 317.The IC here provides the correct charging voltage for the battery.A battery must be charged with 1/10 its Ah value.This charging circuit is designed based on this fact.The charging curent for the battery is controlled by Q1 ,R1,R4 and R5. Potentiometer R5 can be used to set the charging current.As the battery gets charged the the current through R1 increases .This changes the conduction of Q1.Since collector of Q1 is connected to adjust pin of IC LM 317 the voltage at the output of of LM 317 increases.When battery is fully charged charger circuit reduces the charging current and this mode is called trickle charging mode.

Circuit Diagram with Parts List.

battery-charger.jpg

Notes .

  • Connect a battery to the circuit in series with a ammeter.Now adjust R5 to get the required charging current. Charging current = (1/10)*Ah value of battery.
  • Input to the IC must be minimum 15V to get 12 V for charging the battery .Take a look at the data sheet of LM 317 for better understanding.
  • Fix LM317 with a heat sink.

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, project ideas | | Leave a comment

150 Watt amplifier circuit

150 Watt amplifier circuit

 

Description

This is the cheapest 150 Watt amplifier circuit you can get,I think.Based on two Darlington power transistors TIP 142 and TIP 147 ,this circuit can deliver a blasting 150 W Rms to a 4 Ohm speaker.Enough for you to get rocked?,then try out this.

TIP 147 and 142 are complementary Darlington pair transistors which can handle 5 A current and 100V ,famous for their ruggedness. Here two BC 558 transistorsQ5 and Q6 are wired as pre amplifier and TIP 142 ,TIP 147 together with TIP42  (Q1,Q2,Q3)  for driving the transistors.This circuit is designed so rugged that this can be assembled even on a common board or even by pin to pin soldering.The circuit can be powered from a +/-45V 5A  dual power supply.You must try this circuit.Its working great.

Circuit Diagram & Parts List .

150-watt-amplifer-circuit.JPG

Notes.

  • Remember TIP 142 and 147 are Darlington pairs  .They are shown as conventional transistors in figure for ease.So don’t get confused.Even though each of them have 2 transistors ,2 resistors and 1 diode inside ,only three pins ,base emitter and collector are coming out.Rest are connected internally.So its quite OK to assume each of them as transistor for ease.
  • Use a well regulated and filtered power supply.
  • Connect a 10K POT in series with the input as volume control if you need.Not shown in circuit diagram.

TIP 142 & 147 Internal diagram and pin out.

tip-142-143-shematics-and-pinout.jpg

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | AMPLIFIER, circuit, project ideas | , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

100 Watt inverter circuit

100 Watt inverter circuit

100 Watt inverter circuit

Description

Here is a 100 Watt inverter circuit using minimum number of components.I think it is quite difficult to make a decent one like this with further less components.Here we use CD 4047 IC from Texas Instruments for generating the 100 Hz  pulses  and four 2N3055 transistors for driving the load.

The IC1 Cd4047 wired as an astable multivibrator produces two 180 degree out of phase 100 Hz pulse trains.These pulse trains are are preamplifes by the two TIP122 transistors.The out puts of the TIP 122 transistors are amplified by four 2N 3055 transistors (two transistors for each half cycle) to drive the inverter transformer.The 220V AC will be available at the secondary of the transformer.Nothing complex just the elementary inverter principle and the circuit works great for small loads like a few bulbs or fans.If you need just a low cost inverter in the region of 100 W,then this is the best.

Circuit Diagram with Parts List.

Notes.

  • A 12 V car battery can be used as the 12V source.
  • Use the POT R1 to set the output frequency to50Hz.
  • For the transformer get a 9-0-9 V , 10A step down transformer.But here the 9-0-9 V winding will be the primary and 220V winding will be the secondary.
  • If you could not get a 10A rated transformer , don’t worry a 5A one will be just enough. But the allowed out put power will be reduced to 60W.
  • Use a 10 A fuse in series with the battery as shown in circuit.
  • Mount the IC on an IC holder.
  • Remember,this circuit is nothing when compared to advanced PWM inverters.This is a low cost circuit meant for low scale applications.

Design Tips.

The maximum allowed output power of an inverter depends on two factors.The maximum current rating of the transformer primary and the current rating of the driving transistors.

For example ,to get a 100 Watt output using 12 V car battery the primary current will be ~8A ,(100/12) because P=VxI.So the primary of transformer must be rated above 8A.

Also here ,each final driver transistors must be rated above 4A. Here two will be conducting parallel in each half cycle, so I=8/2 = 4A .

These are only rough calculations and enough for this circuit.

 

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, INVERTER, project ideas | , , , | 1 Comment

Remote toggle switch circuit

Remote toggle switch circuit

Remote toggle switch circuit

Description.

In application level this circuit is similar to that of the circuit given previously. The only difference is in the approach. This circuit is designed by using another method. Using this circuit you can toggle any electrical appliance between ON and OFF states by using your TV remote. The only requirement is that your TV remote should be operating in the 38 KHz.

 

The IC1 (TSOP 1738) is used to receive the infrared signals from the remote. When no IR signal from remote is falling on IC1, its output will be high. When the IR signal from the remote falls on the IC1, its output goes low. This triggers the IC2 which is wired as a monostable multivibrator.The output of the IC2 (pin6) goes high for a time of 1S (set by the values of R2 and C3.This triggers the flip flop (IC2) and its Q output (pin 15) goes high. This switches on the transistor, which activates the relay and the appliance connected via relay is switched ON. For the next press of remote the IC1 will be again triggered which in turn makes the IC2 to toggle its output to low state. The load will be switched OFF. This cycle continues for each press of the remote. The pin 6 and pin 4 of IC1 are shorted to avoid false triggering.The diode D1 can be used as a freewheeling  diode.

Circuit diagram with Parts list.

remote-toggle-switch.jpg

Notes.

  • Assemble the circuit on a good quality PCB or common board.
  • The circuit can be powered from  a 5V DC regulated power supply.
  • The capacitors must be rated 15 V.
  • The IC1&IC2 must be mounted on holders.
  • The current capacity  of relay determines the load circuit can switch.Use a high amperage(`10A or above) relay for driving large loads like motor,heater etc.

 

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, project ideas, Remote | , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Remote controlled appliance switch circuit

Remote controlled appliance switch circuit

 

Description.

Here is a versatile remote controlled appliance switch that can ON or OFF any appliance connected to it using a TV remote.

 

IR remote sensor IC TSOP 1738 is used for recieving the signal. Normally when no signal is falling on IC3 the output of it will be high.This makes Q1 OFF.When a signal of 38 KHz from the TV remote falls on the IC3 its output goes low.This makes Q1 conduct and a negative pulse is obtained at pin 2 of IC 1  NE 555.Due to this IC1 wired as a monostable multivibrator produces a 4 Sec  long high signal at its out put.This high out put is the clock for IC 2 which is wired as a Flipflop and of , its two outputs pin 3 goes low and pin 2 goes high.The high output at pin 2 is amplified to drive the relay .For the next signal  the outputs of IC2 toggles state. Result, we get a relay toggling on each press on the remote.Any appliance connected to this circuit can be switched ON or OFF.

Circuit Diagram with Parts List .

remote-appliance-switch-circuit_ct.jpg

Notes.

  • Before wiring the circuit make sure that the carrier frequency  of the TV remote you have is 38 KHz.For that wire the sensor part only ,point your remote to the TSOP1738 and press any switch.If  out put of TSOP1738  goes  low them ok, your remote is of 38Khz type.Nothing to worry almost all TV remote are of this type.
  • You can use any switch because for any switch the code only changes,the carrier frequency remains same.We need this carrier frequency only.
  • Assemble the circuit on a good quality PCB or common board.
  • The appliance can be connected through NO or NC  and contacts of the relay .

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, project ideas | , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Metal Detector Circuit

Metal Detector Circuit

 

Description

This is the circuit diagram of a low cost metal detector using a single transistor circuit and an old pocket radio..This is nothing but a Colpitts oscillator working in the medium band frequency and a radio tuned to the same frequency.First the radio and the circuit are placed close.Then the radio is tuned so that there is no sound from radio.In this condition the radio and the circuit will be in same frequency and same frequencies beat off to produce no sound.This is the set up.When the metal detector circuit is placed near to a metal object the inductance of its coil changes , and so do the frequency of oscillations.Now the two frequency will be different , there will be no canceling and radio produces a hissing sound.The metal is detected.

Note

To make L1 make 60 turns of 36SWG enameled Copper wire on a 1 cm PVC tube.
Powering the circuit using a adapter rather than a battery induces noise. It is always good to power radio projects from battery.

Circuit Diagram & Parts List .

metal-det.JPG

 

Description

This is the circuit diagram of a low cost metal detector using a single transistor circuit and an old pocket radio..This is nothing but a Colpitts oscillator working in the medium band frequency and a radio tuned to the same frequency.First the radio and the circuit are placed close.Then the radio is tuned so that there is no sound from radio.In this condition the radio and the circuit will be in same frequency and same frequencies beat off to produce no sound.This is the set up.When the metal detector circuit is placed near to a metal object the inductance of its coil changes , and so do the frequency of oscillations.Now the two frequency will be different , there will be no canceling and radio produces a hissing sound.The metal is detected.

Note

To make L1 make 60 turns of 36SWG enameled Copper wire on a 1 cm PVC tube.
Powering the circuit using a adapter rather than a battery induces noise. It is always good to power radio projects from battery.

Circuit Diagram & Parts List .

metal-det.JPG

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October 5, 2009 Posted by | circuit, detector, project ideas, SENSORS | , | 1 Comment